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Thread: Chitral

  1. #1
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    Default Chitral



    2qs9qc8 - Chitral

    HISTORY:

    Chitral remained an independent state for centuries with its own culture and language. In the late nineteenth century it became part of British India. It was a princely state in 1947, which acceded to Pakistan in that year. The rule of the Mehtar came to an end in 1954 and power was henceforth exercised by the political agent posted at Chitral. The state was merged into Pakistan in 1969. The recorded history of Chitral is divided into six epochs as follows:

    Iranian rule

    The Achemeanian Empire of Persia was extended to these regions during 400 BC. Its more than two thousand years since this empire receded but its supremacy was so strongly established that many Persian cultural traits are still in practice in Northern Areas as well as few parts of Chitral. In some valleys surrounding Chitral such as Wakhan, Shaghnan, and upper parts of Chitral people speak Persian language. Even Khowar, which is the native language of the local people (Khow), contains much borrowing from Persian.Zoroastrianism, an Old Persian religion, has also left behind some of its traces in this area. Traditions also tell about leaving of dead bodies unburied in caves in the wilderness or in the hollow of trees. Such practices were specific in this religion. A festival on 21st March (Nouroz) the first day in Persian calendar still prevails in Chitral. It is celebrated in few valleys every year. (Israr Chitral A historical sketch)

    Kushan rule

    The Kushan dynasty established its rule in this area in 200 AD. In the second century Kanishka the most powerful emperor of Kushan dynasty had extended his rule all over Northern India, probably as far as south Vindyas and all over the remote region up to Khotan beyond the Pamir pass.

    Chinese rule

    The Chinese extended their influence in the 4th century AD and remained in power until the 8th century. The rock inscription of Pakhtoridini near Maroi refers to Chinese rule. Another inscription in Barenis refers to the Kushans. According to Sir Aurel Stien, the inscription says that Jivarman ordered to make the pertinent drawing of a stupa. Such rock carvings have created confusion for writers like Buddulph and many others to believe that Chitral formed part of the last Hindu Shahi ruler of Kabul. Its also believed that the northern parts had embraced Islam by the end of 9th century when Arabs defeated Bahman, chief of the country. By the time of withdrawal of Arabs many people had accepted Islam. (Souvenir, 2nd Hindukush Cultural Conference, p.19-21)

    Kalash rule

    In the 11th century AD southern Chitral was invaded by the Kalash from Afghanistan, who occupied the country as far to the North as Barenis village, while the upper parts were under another chief Sumalik. some Kalash Chiefs Rojawai, such as Nagar Shah and Bala sing ruled Southern Chitral from 11th to 13th centuries A.D.

    Rais rule

    In the beginning of 11th century Shah Nadir Rais occupied southern Chitral and defeated the Kalash. Shah Nadir Rais extended his dominion from Gilgit to the present southern boundaries of Chitral. Rais family ruled over Chitral for about three hundred years when
    Katura family succeeded them.
    During the Rais rule in Chitral its boundaries extended from Narsut in the extreme south of the state to Gilgit in the east. The rulers had an effective council of chiefs of the local tribes to run the affairs of the country. The ruler of this family also worked for the dissemination of the teachings of Islam in the state.There were no regular state forces to defend the state frontiers so the local headmen and chiefs called all the persons of their tribes to fight for the state under the collective defense system. The Mehtar (ruler) had friendly relations with the rulers of surrounding countries. (Baig, Hindu Kush study series vol. two)

    Katur rule

    The Katur succeeded the Rais dynasty in 1595. Muhtaram Shah I was the founder of Kature rule in Chitral, whose descendants ruled over Chitral until 1969 when the State was merged as a district of NWFP.During the rule of Amirul Mulk in 1895, Umra Khan the chief of Jandool crossed the Lawari pass and invaded lower Chitral. As a result, there was fierce fighting in which the Mehtar of Chitral and British officers were besieged in Chitral fort for 42 days. Troops from Gilgit and Nowshera came to the rescue of the besieged fort and the British rule was extended over entire Chitral in April 1895. Shuja ul Mulk emerged as the ruler after the war who ruled for 42 years until 1936.During the Pakistan movement there was a campaign in Chitral in favor of independence. The people backed all India Muslim League and Mehtar Muzafarul Mulk openly declared his backing to the Pakistan movement. In May 1947 H.H. Muzafarul Mulk informed the Viceroy about his intention to join the new state of Pakistan. The accession instrument was signed on November 7, 1947


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  2. #2
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    Default Re: Chitral

    MashALLAH
    or b pics CHitral ki
    aj he soch rahe thi k
    kisi or jaga ki b thread lagni chaheye
    ab lag he gaye hia tu plz or b pics share kijeye ga maza aye ga
    صرف آواز نہیں ، لفظ بھی مقفل ہیں مرے

    سوچ میں ہوں کہ اب تجھ کو پکاروں کیسے

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Chitral

    Quote Originally Posted by naz View Post
    MashALLAH
    or b pics CHitral ki
    aj he soch rahe thi k
    kisi or jaga ki b thread lagni chaheye
    ab lag he gaye hia tu plz or b pics share kijeye ga maza aye ga
    ok abi kardeta hoon...


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  4. #4
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    Default Re: Chitral

    chitral 2 - Chitral

    chitral bazaar - Chitral

    chitral town 8april - Chitral

    chitral omars 202 - Chitral

    chitralvalley - Chitral

    2004 06 28 17 44 21 080 - Chitral


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  5. #5
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    Default Re: Chitral

    2004 06 26 17 50 55 079 - Chitral

    pic chitral valley - Chitral

    pic tirichmir - Chitral

    ChitralGol pic - Chitral


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  6. #6
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    Default Re: Chitral

    SubhanALLAH
    soooo beautiful

    8bffd51cd2705b99335ce635a13dbb09 zps81c9bfed - Chitral

    ..!!


  7. #7
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    Default Re: Chitral

    Awesome Sharing
    haters gonna hate - Chitral
    Hum Chalay Zamana Jalay
    gifbinhatersgonnahate - Chitral

  8. #8
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    Default Re: Chitral

    been there. it is an awesome place...
    mera libas hai tu zps3e44c641 - Chitral

  9. #9
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    Default Re: Chitral

    Bgxof - Chitral


  10. #10
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    Default Re: Chitral

    Quote Originally Posted by Dark Passenger View Post
    been there. it is an awesome place...
    abay bhai urdu main kiyon nahi kehta hai meko english nahi ati yaar samajh
    haters gonna hate - Chitral
    Hum Chalay Zamana Jalay
    gifbinhatersgonnahate - Chitral

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