How to Welcome Ramadhan ul Mubarak
When seeing the moon of Ramadhan
The person who praises and glorifies the Lord and recites Surah Fatihah seven times upon seeing the moon of Ramadhan will not be troubled by any pain of the eyes whatsoever for the whole month.
Pride Amongst the Angels
Hazrat ‘Ali Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anhu narrates that Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam said, “When you see the moon at the beginning of the month, recite the following supplication:
Wal Hamdu Lillaahil Ladhee Khalaqaka Wa Qadara Laka Manaazila Waja ‘Alaka Aayatal Lil ‘Aalameen.
Allah Ta’ala expresses pride amongst the Angels and states ‘O My Angels! Be witness that I have granted freedom to My slaves from the fire of Hell.’”
How Did Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam Spend Ramadhan?
Desire to Obtain Ramadhan ul Mubarak
The first thing was that many days before the arrival of Ramadhan, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would supplicate to be able to obtain this blessed month. Consequently, it is reported by Imam Tibraani and also in Masnad Bazaar that as soon as the moon for Rajab would be sighted, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would supplicate in the following manner to Allah Ta’ala:
“Allahumma Baarik Lanaa Fee Rajaba Wa Sha’baana Wa Ballignaa Ramadhan.”
(O Allah! Make the months of Rajab and Sha’baan blessed for us and grant us Ramadhan)
Specific Supplications Recited Regularly
Upon the Arrival of Ramadhan When the month of Ramadhan would start, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would make specific supplications to Allah Ta’ala. When the month would start, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would say:
‘Allahumma Sallim Nee Min Ramadhana Wa Sallim Ramadhana Lee Wa Sallimhu Minnee.’
(O Allah! Grant me safety (health and well‐being) for Ramadhan, and safeguard (from bad weather) Ramadhan for me, and safeguard me from Your disobedience in this month)
His Blessed Colour Would Turn Pale
When Ramadhan ul Mubarak would arrive, the fear that some calamity might prevent him from properly fulfilling the rights of worshipping Allah Ta’ala would make Rasool Allah’s Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam blessed face turn pale. Hazrat ‘Aisha Siddiqua Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anha narrates that Rasool Allah’s Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam state would be such that,
“When Ramadhan would start, Rasool Allah’s Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam colour would turn pale.”
The wisdom of this has been stated in the following words by Imam Manaadi:
“It was as a result of the fear that some calamity or event would result in shortcomings in the rights of worshipping the Lord.” (Faizul Qadeer Vol 5 Page 132)
Congratulation the Companions
Upon the Arrival of Ramadhan When this sacred, blessed month would appear with all its mercies, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would congratulate his blessed Companions. Imam Ahmed and Imam Nisaa’i have reported the usual words of congratulations as reported by Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anhu, who narrated that Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would say the following words before congratulating his Companions, “The month of Ramadhan has arrived upon you
which is very blessed. Allah Ta’ala has made the Fasts of this month compulsory upon you. The doors of Paradise are opened in this month, the doors of Hell are closed, and the Satans are imprisoned. There is one night in this month which is better than a thousand months. The person who remains deprived of this will forever be deprived.”
Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti and Shaikh Ibn Rajab state that this Hadith is the foundation for congratulating each other upon the arrival of Ramadhan ul Mubarak. (Al Haadi Lil Fataawa Vol 1 Page 193)
Why would the month in which the doors of Paradise are opened, the Satans are imprisoned, and the doors of Hell are closed not be a cause for celebrations and congratulations amongst the believers?
Welcoming Ramadhan ul Mubarak
Along with congratulating the Companions and stressing the importance of Ramadhan ul Mubarak, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would also welcome the month itself. It is reported in Kanzul A’amaal and Majma’az Zawaaid that Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would say, “O People! The leader of all months, Ramadhan has come to you, and we say welcome to it.” (Majma’az Zawaaid Vol 3 Page 140)
Delivering a Sermon Upon the Arrival of Ramadhan
When there was a chance that the moon of Ramadhan would be sighted that evening and it was the last day of Sha’baan, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would gather the Companions in Masjid e Nabvi and deliver a sermon in which he would explain the blessings, excellences, worships and importance of the month. He would urge the Companions to benefit from the days and nights of the month and not to be lazy in the slightest during the month, and consider each second of the month a great treasure.
Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anhu narrates this important habit of Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam in the following words, “When the blessed month of Ramadhan would arrive, Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam would say that an exalted month has come to you.” (Masnad Ahmed Vol 3 Page 158)
Details about the Welcoming Sermon
Details about the welcoming address are found in the books of Ahadith, which we will mention here:
Hazrat Salman Farsi Radiallaho Ta’ala ‘Anhu narrates that Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam delivered a sermon on the last day of Sha’baan and said, “O People!
* A very auspicious month is about to arrive upon you.
* Allah Ta’ala had made Fasting during the days compulsory and standing in worship during the night voluntary.
* The person who tries to attain closeness to the Lord through any good deed, it is as though he has performed a compulsory worship in any other month.
* The person who performs a compulsory worship in Ramadhan, it is as though he performed 70 compulsory worships during any other month.
* This is the month of patience, and the reward for patience is Paradise .
* It is the month of sympathy towards other people.
* The livelihood (Rizq) of believers is increased in this month.
* The sins of the person who provides food to another to open their Fast (Iftaar) are forgiven, his neck is freed from the fire, and he gains the same reward as the person who is Fasting without any reward being subtracted from the person who was Fasting.
Upon hearing this, some of the Companions said, “Ya Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam , not all of us have the means by which to satisfy a Fasting person.” Rasool Allah Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam replied, “The reward will also be granted by Allah Ta’ala to one who feeds them even one date or one sip of water or milk.”
* This is a month whose beginning is mercy, middle is forgiveness, and end is freedom from the fire.
* The person who lightens the load of his slave in this month is forgiven and freed from the fire by Allah Ta’ala.
* Do four things constantly in this month. With two of them you can please your Lord, and two are such that you cannot get by without them. The two things with which to please the Lord are reciting the Kalima and seeking forgiveness and repentance (Taubah o Istigfaar). The two things without which there is no chance of forgiveness are to ask Allah Ta’ala for Paradise and seek His Mercy from the fire of Hell. * The person who gives water to a Fasting person at the time of Iftaar will be given water by Allah Ta’ala from my Pond of Kauthar (on the Day of Judgement), after which he will not feel any thirst until he enters Paradise .”