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Thread: Habib Jalib

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    Default Habib Jalib

    Habib Jalib
    Habib Jalib 316x248 - Habib Jalib

    Portrait of Habib Jalib

    Born: Habib Ahmad
    March 24, 1928
    Hoshiarpur, Punjab

    Died: March 12, 1993 (aged 64)
    Lahore, Pakistan

    Occupation: Urdu poet
    Nationality: Pakistani
    Literary movement: Progressive Writers' Movement
    Notable award(s): Nigar Awards
    Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Posthumously awarded on 23 March 20

    Habib Jalib (Urdu: حبیب جالب) was a Pakistani revolutionary poet, left-wing activist and politician who opposed martial law, authoritarianism and state oppression.


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    Default Re: Habib Jalib

    Early life


    Habib Jalib was born as Habib Ahmad on 24 March 1928 in a village near Hoshiarpur, British India. He migrated to Pakistan after the partition of India and worked as a proofreader for Daily Imroze of Karachi. He was a progressive writer and soon started to grab the audience with his enthusiastic recitation of poetry. He wrote in plain language, adopted a simple style and addressed common people and issues. But the conviction behind his words, the music of his voice and his emotional energy coupled with the sensitivity of the socio-political context is what stirred the audience.

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    Default Re: Habib Jalib

    Political views


    Jalib was a Marxist-Leninist and aspired to the ideals of Communism. He was initially a member of the Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP), but joined the National Awami Party (NAP) in 1957 following the ban on the CPP in 1954. His views led to imprisonment.



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    Ayub Khan's martial law
    Jalib was first imprisoned during the martial law regime of Ayub Khan due to his opposition of Khan's policies. He wrote his poem "Dastoor" during those days.
    Criticizing those who supported Khan's regime, he wrote:


    کہیں گیس کا دھواں ہے
    کہیں گولیوں کی بارش ہے
    شب عہد کم نگاہی
    تجھے کس طرح سراہیں

    Kahin gas ka dhuan hae

    kahin golion ki baarish
    Shab-e-ehd-e-kum nigahi
    tujhay kis tarah sarahein


    There is smoke of teargas in the air
    and the bullets are raining all around
    How can I praise thee
    the night of the period of shortsightedness

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    Default Re: Habib Jalib

    Jalib could never reconcile with the dictatorship of Ayub Khan. So when Ayub enforced his tailor-made constitution in the country in 1962, which a former prime minister Chaudhry Muhammad Ali likened to the Clock Tower of Lyallpur, Jalib wrote the following poem:


    دیپ جس کا محلات ہی میں جلے
    چند لوگوں کی خوشیوں کو لے کر چلے
    وہ جو سائے میں ہر مصلحت کے پلے
    ایسے دستور کو، صبح بے نور کو
    میں نہیں مانتا، میں نہیں مانتا
    میں بھی خائف نہیں تختہ دار سے
    میں بھی منصور ہوں کہہ دو اغیار سے
    کیوں ڈراتے ہو زنداں کی دیوار سے
    ظلم کی بات کو، جہل کی رات کو
    میں نہیں مانتا، میں نہیں مانتا
    پھول شاخوں پہ کھلنے لگے، تم کہو
    جام رندوں کو ملنے لگے، تم کہو
    چاک سینوں کے سلنے لگے، تم کہو
    اس کھلے جھوٹ کو، ذہن کی لوٹ کو
    میں نہیں مانتا، میں نہیں مانتا
    تم نے لوٹا ہے صدیوں ہمارا سکوں
    اب نہ ہم پر چلے گا تمہارا فسوں
    چارہ گر میں تمہیں کس طرح سے کہوں
    تم نہیں چارہ گر، کوئی مانے، مگر
    میں نہیں مانتا، میں نہیں مانتا

    The light which shines only in palaces
    Burns up the joy of the people in the shadows
    Derives its strength from others’ weakness
    That kind of system,
    like dawn without light
    I refuse to acknowledge, I refuse to accept
    I am not afraid of execution,
    Tell the world that I am the martyr
    How can you frighten me with prison walls?
    This overhanging doom,
    this night of ignorance,
    I refuse to acknowledge,I refuse to accept
    “Flowers are budding on branches”, that’s what you say,
    “Every cup overflows”, that’s what you say,
    “Wounds are healing themselves”, that’s what you say,
    These bare-faces lies,
    this insult to the intelligence,
    I refuse to acknowledge, I refuse to accept
    For centuries you have all stolen our peace of mind
    But your power over us is coming to an end
    Why do you pretend you can cure pain?
    Even if some claim that you’ve healed them,
    I refuse to acknowledge, I refuse to accept.

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    Jalib was banned from official media but he remained undeterred. He rather started a tirade against the tyranny with more resolution. It reached its zenith when Fatima Jinnah decided to contest elections against Ayub Khan. All democratic forces rallied around her and at her election meetings, Jalib used to recite his fiery poems in front of an emotionally charged crowd. His most popular poem at that time was:
    ماں کے پائوں تلے جنت ہے ادھر آجائو
    Maan kay paon talay jannat hai idhar aa jao
    The paradise is under the feet of the mother. So come into her fold.
    In another incident which has become a part of the resistance folklore of the country, the Governor of West Pakistan, the Nawab of Kalabagh, invited filmstar Neelo to dance in front of Shah Reza Pahlavi of Iran. She refused and as a consequence the police was sent to bring her, which led to her attempting to commit suicide. This incident inspired a poem by Jalib, which was later included by Neelo's husband Riaz Shahid in the film Zerqa. The poem was titled Raqs-e-Zanjeer (The dance of the chains):
    تو کہ ناواقفِ ادبِ غلامی ہے ابھی
    رقص زنجیر پہن کر بھی کیا جاتا ہے
    Tu kay nawaqif-e-aadab-e-ghulami hae abhi
    Raqs zanjeer pehan kar bhi kiya jata hai.
    You are not aware of the protocol of a king's court. Sometimes one has to dance (before them) with the fetters on.

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    Bhutto's government
    In 1972 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto came to power. According to sources close to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, one day Habib Jalib went to Bhutto's place to meet him. When Bhutto on invited him to join his political Party, Jalib asked, "Have the oceans ever fallen in rivers?"
    After Bhutto's death, Habib Jalib wrote the following poem:
    ٹوٹا ہے کہاں اس کا جادو
    اک نعرہ بنا ہے اس کا لہو
    ثابت ہوا دھڑکن دھڑکن پر وہ شخص حکومت کرتا تھا
    لڑتا تھا وہ اپنے جیسوں سے ہم سے تو محبت کرتا تھا
    His magic has not been broken
    His blood became a slogan
    It has been proved,that he ruled his people's hearts
    He used to fight with the people like him (Feudal Lords), but with the (poor) people like us, he used to love.

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    Zia-ul-Haq's martial law
    During General Zia-ul-Haq's dictatorship, Jalib wrote a poem on Zia, in which he asked how he could write darkness as Zia ( Zia literally means light in Urdu).
    ظلمت کو ضیا، صر صر کو صبا، بندے کو خدا کیا لکھنا
    Darkness as light, Hot desert wind as a morning breeze
    How can I write a human as God?

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    Benazir Bhutto's government
    After General Zia-ul-Haq's death in 1988, Benazir Bhutto came to power and released Habib Jalib. Disappointed at the state of the nation, when asked if he felt any change after democracy, he said:
    حال اب تک وہی ہیں فقیروں کے
    دن پھرے ہیں فقط وزیروں کے
    ہر بلاول ہے دیس کا مقروض
    پاؤں ننگے ہیں بے نظیروں کے
    Haal ab tak wahi hain faqiroan kay
    Din phiray hain faqat waziroan kay
    her Bilawal hai Dais ka maqrooz
    paoon nangay hain Benazeeroan kay
    The status of the poor is still the same
    the days of the ministers have indeed changed
    every Bilawal (name of the only son of Benazir Bhutto) of the country is under debt
    while Benazirs (literally the poor) of the country walk without shoes

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    Death


    Habib Jalib died on March 12, 1993. His family refused the offer of the government to pay for his funeral expenses. Qateel Shifai expressed his sorrow and grief in these words:
    اپنے سارے درد بھلا کر اوروں کے دکھ سہتا تھا
    ہم جب غزلیں کہتے تھے وہ اکثر جیل میں رہتا تھا
    آخر چلا ہی گیا وہ روٹھ کر ہم فرزانوں سے
    وہ دیوانہ جس کو زمانہ جالب جالب کہتا تھا
    Apney saarey dard bhula kar auron ke dukh sehta tha
    Hum jub ghazlain kehtey thay wo aksar jail main rehta tha
    Aakhir chala hee gya wo rooth kar hum farzanoun se
    Wo deewana jisko zamana Jalib Jalib kehta tha

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