The quartet is made up of mediators from four Tunisian organisations
The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet for helping the country's transition to democracy.
The Nobel committee said the group of civil society organisations had made a "decisive contribution" to democracy after the 2011 revolution.It said the quartet helped establish a political process when the country "was on the brink of civil war".Tunisia's uprising was the first and most successful of the Arab Spring.
Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Kaci Kullmann Five, made the announcement
While other countries - Libya, Egypt, Yemen and Syria - either reverted to authoritarian rule or descended into violence and chaos, Tunisia managed a successful transition to democracy.
Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet
The surprise winner of this year's Nobel Peace Prize has played a key role in mediating between the different parties in the country's post-Arab Spring government.The Quartet is credited with creating a national dialogue between the country's Islamist and secular coalition parties amid deepening political and economic crisis in 2013.Tunisia's revolution - also known as the Jasmine Revolution - began in late 2010 and led to the ousting of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in January 2011, followed by the country's first free democratic elections last year.Kaci Kullman Five, the chair of the Nobel peace committee, said the Quartet's role in Tunisia's democratisation was "directly comparable to the peace conferences mentioned by Alfred Nobel in his will".Nobel Peace Prize winners through the yearsAfrica's Nobel Peace Prize winners Houcine Abassi, head of Tunisia's General Labour Union - one of the groups in the quartet - said the award was a "tribute to martyrs of a democratic Tunisia"."This effort by our youth has allowed the country to turn the page on dictatorship," he said.Abdessattar Ben Moussa of the Human Rights League - another of the quartet - said the award "fills us with joy" at a time when Tunisia "is going through a period marked by political tensions and terrorist threats".He told the Associated Press he hoped it would encourage the winners to take a "larger responsibility" in solving Tunisia's problems.Tunisia's President Beji Caid Essebsi, said the award recognised the country's decision to choose the "path of consensus"."Tunisia has no other solution than dialogue despite ideological disagreements," he said in a video posted to his Facebook page.