All About Jewellery’s
Jewelry - made of precious metals and stones (rings, earrings, bracelet, necklace, brooch, table decorations, etc.). The main feature of jewelry is the presence of the Wizard (jeweler), which creates the product.
In accordance with Russian current legislation to jewelry are products made of precious metals and their alloys, using a variety of artistic treatment, with inlays of precious, semi-precious, semi-precious, gemstones and other materials of natural or synthetic origin, or without are used as various ornaments, household objects, objects of worship and / or for ornamental purposes, performing various rituals and ceremonies, as well as memorabilia, commemorative, and other marks and medals, in addition to awards, the status of which is determined in accordance with Russian laws and Presidential Decree, and commemorative coins, past emissions.
For the ancient jewelry were not the value that we have today. They believed that the jewels are certain magical sense that they somehow protect us from the evil spell, from grief and even physical attacks. Part of this tradition has been preserved to this day.
In ancient Egypt, the basic material for the manufacture of jewelry was gold. Ancient jewelers used different technology processing, also knew how by using various additives to change its color - from white to green and pink. Gold bracelets, pendants, necklaces, earrings, tiaras, rings, and various decorations on the head, pectoral ornaments and necklaces, collars - all produced in ancient Egypt, in the land of the pharaohs. The jewelry valued not only the metal itself, but also a beautiful range of colors, with preference for bright, saturated colors. They were decorated with inlays of stained glass (so-called paste) and semi-precious stones such as carnelian, malachite, lapis lazuli, etc. But those stones, which we now consider precious -. Diamonds, rubies, sapphires - the Egyptians did not know.
The ancient Jews were mainly women decoration earrings with pendants of different shapes (most often in the form of stars and crescents). Also wore nose rings. Very popular were necklaces, consisting of woolen ribbons, which were strung beads or buttons of coral, pearls, colored stones or glass; Sometimes the tape was made of metal and beads - sandalwood. Most expensive necklace made of interconnected gold balls. For necklaces hung medallions or crescent-shaped sun, various amulets and bottles of perfume. Apart from all other jewelry, women wore ankle chains and bells, which forced them to move slowly and smoothly, and tinkled musically when walking. Little girls wore jewelry made of pieces of cloth (and rings. N.).In ancient Greece it was delivered to the stream production of beads, which gave the form of shells, flowers and beetles. Interesting is the fact that the beads were made by connecting two flat plates of gold, and between them filled white sand. The 300 century BC. e. Greeks began to make multicolored jewelry, using emeralds, garnets, amethysts and pearls. They also create masterpieces of stone, glass and glaze. At this time become popular jewelry such as brooches engraved medallions of Indian sardonyx.
In the Middle Ages, the main customer of jewelry became a church. Folding altars involved bowls, various vessels, the salaries of icons and books, images of saints, scenes from the life of Christ - all of this magnificent church utensils mass produced at the time.Especially it should be noted decoration salaries books, which were kept in monasteries and cathedrals as relics. In the center and at the corners of the book of salaries usually located relief ornament of beaten metal and ivory surrounded by enamel or niello images of saints and rectangular or circular plates, filled with geometric patterns cloisonne. Between the plates placed bright gems, fixing them in high nests or surrounding filigree openwork; they formed a rich color fringe.The primary means of decoration jewelry at that time was the enamel. Competing with semi-precious stones, it gave the same effect as a precious multicolored surface of the object. Most common enamels received in France (and especially the famous Limoges enamels) and Germany. Enamels on products jewelers, these countries tend to be notched and zapolirovat on par with the background. By coloring the enamel different colorful and fresh colors. Cool shades of blue, blue, white or green colors brighten a little gold and red ornaments, their purity and intensity of color emphasized gilded background, covered with a thin engraved ornament.
Products medieval craftsmen impression congestion bright convex shapes stones (rubies, emeralds, sapphires, pearls), but there are instances, decorated with precious stones such as rock crystal, topaz, amethyst, garnet. And imported, and local stones polished by hand and without change the natural shape of the crystal or pebble rocks.Personal ornaments population of medieval Europe almost did not survive to our time. Church doctrine dictated austerity - the denial of the joys of earthly existence - manifested in the extreme simplicity of costume, was hiding body shape, to reduce the amount of jewelry.In the XIII century. the number of jewelry in the costume of the secular and ecclesiastical feudal lords increases. Art forms simplicity and naive brightness product of the century gives way to the refinement of exquisite jewelery developed feudalism. In a fashion includes buckles, necklaces, wide belts, studded with pearls and stones in high fishnet nests. Base frames often make faceted that enhances the game of stones. Rings worn by both men and women.
Last edited by sabaalyas; 05-05-2016 at 04:33 AM.