The Miracles of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam [The Mujizaat]
The occurrence of an unusual and extraordinary act from the Prophets in order to prove their authenticity is called a Mujiza.
Mujiza is a sign from Allah Almighty in order to establish the Prophethood of the Prophets and for this reason it is beyond ones understanding and reasoning. No one is able to provide an explanation for it and in this way it compels the non believers to believe in the Prophets of Allah.
The occurrence of a miracle from the Prophets is called a Mujiza, and the miracle which occurs before their declaration of Prophet-hood is called Irhas. The miracle which occurs from a saint of Allah is called Karamat and that which occurs from a common Muslim is called Maoonat. If these strange things happen to occur from a non believer then they are termed as Istidraaj.
Let us look at some of the most prominent Mujizas:
The Splitting of the Moon
The splitting of the moon is one of the extraordinary Mujizaat of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. It was revealed when the non believers approached him and demanded to see a miracle in order to believe in him.
Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood, Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas, Hazrat Anas bin Maalik, Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr and Hazrat Huzaifah bin Yamaan (RadiyAllahu Anhum) are some of the companions who have narrated this incident.
Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood RadiyAllahu Anhu says, I was present when the incident took place and I saw it with my own eyes. At the gesture of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the moon split into two and I saw each half of the moon on each side of the mountain. I rushed to invite the non believers to see this extraordinary henomenon so that they could believe and testify. [Bukhari Sharif, Vol 2, 721,722]
The Return of the Sun
The rising of the sun straight after setting is also one of the most astonishing Mujizaat of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and a clear proof of his Prophet-hood.
Hazrat Asma bint Umais RadiyAllahu Anha narrates, At a place called Suhba near Khaiber, the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, after offering his Asr Salaat lied down with his blessed head in the lap of Hazrat Ali and went to sleep. Hazrat Ali had not yet prayed his Salaat and the time was drawing close to sunset. He was extremely upset and anxious but did not want to disturb the sleep of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. When the sun had set the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam woke up and was informed about what had happened. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam lifted his blessed hands and prayed, Ya Allah! Indeed Ali was in Your and Your Prophets service, so raise the sun so that Ali can offer his prayers. Hazrat Asma continues, I saw that the sun rose again and sunshine spread over the mountains and Ali offered his prayers. [Madarijun Nubuwwah]
Rock Crushed into Pieces
During the battle of Khandaq, the companions were digging a trench around the city of Madina in order to avoid the enemy from attacking. During the process they came across a mighty rock which would neither break nor move. All the companions tried together, but without any success. Finally they took the matter to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam who came and struck one blow which broke the rock into pieces. [Bukhari Sharif, Vol 2]
The Idols Fell Down
Before the conquest of Makkah, there were 360 idols placed by the infidels in the Holy Kaba. On the day Makkah was won over, the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam entered the Holy Kaba and was reciting the following verse from the Holy Quran,
And proclaim, "The Truth has arrived and falsehood has vanished; indeed falsehood had to vanish."
Whilst praying he pointed towards each idol with his stick and the idols came down without actually being touched. [Madarijun Nubuwwah, Vol 2]
The Mountain Spoke up
Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates, One day I was walking with the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam on the outskirts of Makkah & I could hear Assalamu Alaika Ya RasoolAllah. from every mountain or tree that we came across. [Tirmizi Vol 2]
The Mountain Started to Shake
It is reported in Bukhari Sharif that once the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was on a mountain with Hazrat Abu Bakr, Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Usman RadiyAllahu Anhum. The mountain was overwhelmed by the blessed presence of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and his companions and started to shake. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam stamped his blessed foot on it and said,
Stop shaking! Do you not realise that there is one Prophet, one Truthful and two Martyrs on your back? [Bukhari Sharif, Vol 2]
The Wonders of a Handful of Dust
Hazrat Salman bin Akwa RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates, In the battle of Hunain, when the enemies surrounded the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam from all sides, he came down from his mount, picked a handful of dust from the ground & blew it towards the enemies. The dust filled the eyes of each of the soldier in the army and they all frantically started to rub their eyes which scattered them and ultimately led to their defeat. Meanwhile the Holy Prophet calmly began distributing the war-proceeds to the Muslim army. [Mishkaat, Vol 2]
Same incident happened on the night of migration when the enemies surrounded the house of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam with the grave intention of killing him. But when the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam emerged, he blew towards them and escaped their siege without being noticed . [Bukhari Sharif, Vol 2]
The Tree Started to Walk
Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar RadiyAllahu Anhuma reports, I was in a journey with the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam when a Bedouin approached us and the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam offered the invitation to accept Islam. The Bedouin asked, Can you prove your Prophet-hood? RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam replied, Yes. That tree across the field will testify on my Prophet-hood. He then signalled to the tree to come to him, upon which the tree started to move with its roots and came close to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. It then testified three times on his Prophet-hood. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam then commanded it to return back which it did. Imam Baihaqi reports that when the tree came close to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, it presented its salutations. The Bedouin instantly accepted Islam and requested to prostrate to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam declined his request by saying, If I was to allow anyone to prostrate anyone other than Allah then I would instruct a woman to prostrate to her husband. The Bedouin then requested to kiss the hands and feet of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam agreed and the Bedouin did so. [Zarqani, Vol 5]
Hazrat Jaabir RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates that in a journey the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam wanted to relieve himself but could not find any cover. Then we spotted two small plants standing far from each other. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam pulled one of them just like a camel rider pulls him camel and the plant started to move with him. Then he did the same to the second one and did the same until both the plant were standing together providing enough cover. After relieving himself he ordered the trees to return to their original locations.
The Wooden Sword
In the battle of Badr Hazrat Ukasha RadiyAllahu Anhu came to the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and urged that he had nothing to fight with as his sword had broken. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam picked up a branch and asked Hazrat Ukasha to use it as a sword. As soon as it came into the hands of Hazrat Ukasha, it turned into a fine sword which he used for years until the he attained Martyrdom in the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RadiyAllahu Anhu.
A similar incident took place in the battle of Uhad with Hazrat Abdullah bin Jahash RadiyAllahu Anhu. He too came to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and was given a branch to fight with. The branch turned into the best sword Hazrat Abdullah ever had and was called Urjoon. It was preserved till the era of the Abbasi emperor Mutasim Billah who bought it for 22 Dinars. The sword of Hazrat Ukasha was called Avun and both were preserved as Islamic heritage and as signs of the Mujizaat of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam.
The Prostration of Animals
In is narrated in many books of Ahadith that a camel of an Ansari companion went wild. No one was able to tame it and it attacked anyone who came close. When the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was informed he decided to go himself but the people warned that the camel might attack. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam indicated them not to worry. As he came close to the camel, it ran to him and put his head at his blessed feet and prostrated. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam then caressed the camel, who was now completely under control, and handed it over to its master. He then said, Every creation of Allah knows that I am His Prophet but there are some in Jinn and Humans who refute my Prophet-hood. When the companions saw that the camel was prostrating to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, they too expressed their desire to prostrate to him but he said, If I was to allow anyone to prostrate to anyone other than Allah, then I would instruct a woman to prostrate to her husband. [Mishakaat Vol 2]
The Plea of a Camel
Once the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam went to the garden of an Ansari companion. A camel who was shouting was tied in one corner and seemed distressed. When the camel saw RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam it started to jump and tears flowed through its eyes. RasoolAllah came closer to the camel and patted gently on its back which calmed it down. He then enquired, Who is the owner of this camel? When the owner came forward, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, Allah Almighty has given you control over these animals thus it is your duty to treat them with mercy. Your camel just complained to me that you do not feed it enough and take excessive work which is beyond its capacity. [Abu Dawood, Vol 1]
The Chapattis of Umme Sulaim
One day Hazrat Abu Talha RadiyAllahu Anhu came to his wife and said, Do you have anything in the house which you can cook for RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. I have been with him and realised that he has not eaten. Hazrat Umme Sulaim prepared some Chapattis and sent Hazrat Anas RadiyAllahu Anhu to invite Rasool Allah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. When he saw Hazrat Anas, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam, who was sat in a gathering, enquired, Have you brought the food from Abu Talha? Hazrat Anas replied in the affirmative. Upon hearing this Rasool Allah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam invited all the companions with him for the feast. Hazrat Anas ran to Hazrat Umme Sulaim to inform her that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was coming with a large group of companions to her house. Hazrat Abu Talha waited at the door to welcome RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam and asked Umme Sulaim to present whatever she had but she only had those few chapattis and she put some dates on them as topping. The Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam sent ten companions into the house at a time and they all ate to their full. With the Mujiza of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam the hosts managed to feed about seventy to eighty people with only few chapattis. [Bukhari Sharif, Vol1]
The Bag of Hazrat Abu Hurairah
Hazrat Abu Hurairah RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates, I once went to see RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam who gave me a handful of dates. I urged him to pray for abundance (barkat) in them. He prayed and asked me to put them in a bag and take from it according to the need but never completely empty the bag. Thus I took the bag and always kept it tied around my waist. I not only ate from it for three years but also fed the poor from it.
Fountain from Fingers
When we look at all the books of Ahadith, we find that water oozed out as a fountain from the blessed fingers of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallamat least thirteen times. Here we present just one incident, In 6 Hijri, RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam left Madina for Makkah to perform Umrah with his companions. They camped at Hudaibiyah and by this time there was no water left at all. People were feeling extremely thirsty and were getting exhausted in the intense heat. When RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam saw this he asked for a container and as soon as he dipped his blessed hand in it, water started to flow from his fingers. The water was used by all the companions for drinking as well as for bathing and ablution and also for the animals. They also stored for the rest of the journey.
When Hazrat Jaabir RadiyAllahu Anhu was asked as to how many companions were with the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam in the journey, he replied, Fifteen hundred but even if they were a hundred thousand, it would have been sufficient for them.
This Hadith is narrated in Bukhari Sharif and similar incident have also been reported by Hazrat Anas bin Maalik and Hazrat Baraa bin Aazib RadiyAllahu Anhuma.
It is impossible to count the Mujizaat of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam as every moment of his life and every act of his is a Mujiza in itself. He is the combination of the Mujizaat of the past Prophets and there are numerous Mujizaat which are exclusive to him.