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Thread: The blessed life of gaus ul aazam radiyallahu anhu

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    Default The blessed life of gaus ul aazam radiyallahu anhu

    THE BLESSED LIFE OF GAUS UL AAZAM HAZRAT SHAIKH ABDUL QADIR JILANI RADIYALLAHU ANHU




    PROPHECIES


    Many prophecies regarding Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) were made before his birth by renowned Sufi Saints. These were emphasized on his birth, eminence and spiritual attainments.
    Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (Allah's mercy be on him) in his meditation had uttered the words his foot on my neck. He explained that at the end of 5th century a great person will be born and who will attain great spiritual heights and will become the head of all the saints. Many renowned saintly people acknowledged and testified that Hazrat Sheikh Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) will become the spiritual leader of all saint.


    On the night of Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani's (Allahs mercy be on him) birth his father Hazrat Moosa Abu Saleh was congratulated in a dream by Allahs Messenger (Blessing of Allah and peace be on him). He predicted that the child would be a son who would be a beloved of Allahs (Mehboob-e- Subhani) and would command universal respect among the saint. The name Abdul Qadir was also revealed by Allah to his parents which means great power signifying Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) high status.



    BIRTH AND FAMILY


    Hazrat Abu Muhammed Abdul Qadir (Allahs mercy be on him) was born in Naif district of Jilan in Iran (Persia) on the 1st of Ramzan 470 AH (1077 AD). His father Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani Abu Saleh Moosa Jungi Dost was a saintly man and a direct descendent of Hazarat Imam Hasan Ibne Ali (Allah be pleased with them). His mother Fatima was the daughter of Abdullah Somaye, a saintly person and a direct descendent of Imam Husain (Allah be pleased with him). Imam Hasan and Imam Husain are the sons of Hazarat Fatima (Allah be pleased with her) and Hazrat Ali (Allah be pleased with him) and grandsons of Prophet Hazrat Muhammed (Blessing of Allah and peace be on him).

    CHILDHOOD AT HOME


    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was the youngest child of his parents. At the time of his birth his mother was nearly 60 years old. Within a few weeks new spread that the infant refused to take milk until sunset, thereby implying that the newly born child was observing fast as it was the holy month of Ramadan. Thus when in the following year the moon could not be sighted due to heavy clouds, the people came next morning for the guidance at the house of Hazrat Moosa Abu Saleh. The people decided to observe Ramadan on the basis,whether Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) had accepted milk or not.

    He was very young when his father died. His maternal grandfather Abdullah Somaye showered on him his love and blessings. After sometime his grandfather too died and his old loving mother took care of him. He received his early education at home where he learned general knowledge, Theology and the Holy Quraan from his mother. By the time he was 18 years old he had absorbed most of the religious education at Jilan and memorized the whole Quraan. His thirst for knowledge urged him to go to Baghdad for higher and religious education. His mother, with a heavy heart bid him farewell and entrusted him to the care of Allah and instructed him to always speak the truth. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) took leave of his mother, fully aware that he may not see her again if he went to Baghdad, and promised to heed her advice.




    DEPARTURE FOR BAGHDAD


    His mother gave him 40 dinaars, his share of patrimony. For safety purpose she had sewn the coins on the inside of his gown. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) joined a caravan destined for Baghdad. Hardly had they reached Hamdan when suddenly they were attacked by a band of dacoits. Every man was looted and deprived of their cash and belongings. One of the dacoits casually asked Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) if he had any money. Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him), remembering his promise to his mother, answered in the affirmative. He looked so simple and poor that nodody believed him and could not imagine that he could be so truthful in this situation. They took him to their leader who questioned him and who also received the same reply. The leader demanded to see and Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) fearlessly indicated that the money was sewn under the gown. The dacoits and their leader were amazed at his courage and the leader inquired about the same. Young Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) said that he had promised his mother that he would always speak the truth no matter what the circumstances were. He also said that how could he lie on the very first stage of his journey for acquiring real knowledge of religion? This impressed the leader so much that he repented for his misdeeds, asked Allahs forgiveness and fell down at Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani's (Allahs mercy be on him) feet and became his disciple. He then returned the money and goods to all the travellers and gave up his evil profession forever. This incident ranked him as-Siddique by the Grace of Allah.

    ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE AND BAGHDAD


    Young Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him), after his depature from Jilan, arrived in Baghdad during the reign of Abbasid Caliphate in 488 AH (1095 AD).Due to diverse sects and interest and lust for power there was a choas and disunity in the Islamic world. The Muslim rules had lost all sense of duty and paid no heed to Islamic teachings. But there remained many learned scholars in different fields who imparted knowledge to students coming from all over the world.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him ) was a complete stranger in the city of Bagdad and after few days of wandering he met Hazrat Shaikh Qazi Abu Saeed Mubarak bin Ali Mukharruni (Allahs mercy be on him ).Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him ) became his disciple and was admitted in his masters Jamia College of Islamic Jurisprudence.Here were also many eminent scholars and teachers with mastery over their respective subjects. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy on him ) received guidiance from them and acquired proficiency in many different topics and proved himself a worthy student of renowned teachers.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him ) had a great interest in Hadis and he attented the classes of Hazrat Abu Muhammed Jafar al Siraj, Hazrat Abdul Gani Muhammed bin Ali Manoon al Farasi ,Hazrat Abu Usman Ismail bin Muhammed Ali Ashabani , Hazrat Abdul Barkat Talha al Aquib (Allahs mercy be on them) and many more. He was efficient in Tafseer, qirat (rectation of Quraan) and skilled in philosophy, logic (montiq) and lughat (vocabulary). He perfected himself in shariyat (islamic law) and tariqat (spiritual and moral path) and philosophy, from Hazrat Abu Zakria al Tabrezi (Allahs mercy be on him)




    TRAVEL


    After gaining Marifat-e-Ilahi (Revelations) from Allah, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs Mercy be on him) was ordered by Allah to come out of seclusion and serve humanity. He toured many Arab and Asian lands and attended many villages. He travelled as far as Ceylon Sri Lanka and observed vigil on a hill known as Daftar-e-Jilani. The teachings of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs Mercy be on him) and their adherence to it by the Muslims of Sri Lanka has been handed down through generation and bear testimony to their inheritance.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs Mercy be on him) noticed that Muslims were ignorant of Islam and its teachings. People who preached did not practise the teachings of Quraan and Sunnah. Many in the garb of ulemas and sufis etc. capitalised on the ignorance of the masses and mislead them. He prayed to Allah for guidance and was inspired to go back to Baghdad and train people in the basic teachings of Islam.


    RETURN TO BAGHDAD


    After completing 40 years Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs Mercy be on him) returned to Baghdad in 511 AH. He went to meet his teacher Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak (Allahs Mervy be on) who appointed him as professor in his Jamia (University). He taught all the subjects that he had learnt so diligently that he very soon became a popular teacher. Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak (Allah smercy be on him) handed over the institution to Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilanis (Allahs Mercy be on him) care before his beath in 513 AH 1119 AD. He is buried in the Babul Karb of Baghdad.

    The Title of MOHIYUDDIN .
    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was also conferred with the title of Mohiyuddin i.e. the reviver of the faith. In the year 511 AH Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) saw in a vision that he was walking along a street in Baghdad. There he met on the roadside an old and sick man who offered Islamic greetings and asked Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) to help him to get up Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) answered his salutation and offered to help him up. No sooner did Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) help him, he improved and changed in stature miraculously. Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was wonderstruck and a little afraid, but the man allayed his fear and said, I am Islam the religion of your grandfather, I had become diseased and nearly died but Allah has revived me through your help. Later at the public appearance in the mosque a man came and addressed him as O Sayed Mohiyuddin, since then people have addressed him with this name.

    Blessed by Allahs Messenger Hazrat Muhammed (Blessings of Allah and peace be on him) he became a great preacher, orator and reformer.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) later on became a Mufti i.e. he was entitled to issue Fatwa. In the year 528 Ah, 1134 AD a new avenue opened to serve people i.e. give opinions regarding sensitive problems, in the light of Shariyat. His fatwas were always precise and far sighted. Many Caliphs and Vazirs used to send their requests to Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) for his fatwas in personal as well as state matters. Thus Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) served humanity through his fatwas and brought enlightenment and guidance to all and solved confusing problems.


    EDUCATIONAL SERVICES


    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was a teacher as well as Shaikh of Tariqat. He took special care of students and improved the arrangement in his Jamia for the students. He provided many facilities for them and in turn made them study. He was attentive to all the students and personally taught them. Also other reputed teachers taught various other subjects. Morning session was reserved for Quraan, Hadis, Fiqh and Arabic literature. In the afternoons Sarf-wa-Nahw and Tajweed (Arabic grammar) was taught. In the evening between Asr and Magrib the lessons taught in the mornings were revised and students were tested. In the primary class Quraan was taught as a reading exercise.

    All the students who graduated from Jamia acquired excellence in their field of subject. The students were advised to establish institutions in their own native places and spread Islam and root out ignorance. Many students became eminent scholars and some even became famous as saints.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) delivered sermons thrice a week
    1. At the ldgah on Friday nights.
    2. At the madressa on Tuesday nights.
    3. At the Musafir Khana on Wednesday mornings. Many people came to hear his discourses. Every day in the mornings and afternoons, he gave lessons on Tafsir (commentary) on Quraan and Hadis, and principles of Islamic law. After the afternoon prayer (Zuhar) he issued fatwas (verdicts) on legal questions presented to him from all over the world. After Magrib he would break his fast and distribute food among the poor and then eat his meal. After Isha he would retire to his chamber and pass his nights in worship of Allah and prayer and zikr. He served humanity during the day and served Allah, his Creator in the night.




    Marriage

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) was fifty years old when decided to get married so as to follow the sunnah of Allahs Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. His first marriage took place in 520 AH 1126 AD. It was an honour to give ones daughter in marriage to the most revered and respected saint like Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him). Altogether Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) had 4 wives.

    1. Sayyida Bibi Madina d/o Syed Mir Mohammed.
    2. Sayeda Bibi Sadiqa d/o Syed Mohammed. Shafi
    3. Sayyida Bibi Mu'minah
    4. Sayyida Bibi Mahboobah

    His wives had great regard for him and there was mutual understanding amongst them. Inspite of being busy at the Jamia and prayer, Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) used to devote time to his family. His house was adjacent to his Jamia wherein all his four wives resided in separate rooms. He had about 49 children. Out of them 27 were sons and 22 daughters. Many died in infancy and childhood.

    Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) was a loving husband and an affectionate father. He gave personal attention to his children and also taught them. They were also sent to learned teachers and became famous.

    Only about 4 daughter have come to light.
    1. Sayyida Khadija
    2. Sayyida Aisha
    3. Sayyida Fatimah as-Samina
    4. Sayyida Zohra. She was a scholar of Hadis and taught the girls in this subject.

    Most of the sons of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) were eminent scholars and some were saints and some served rural people and common folk.

    1. Sayed Shaikh Saifuddin Abdul Wahab was the eldest son of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him), born in 521 AH. He died on 25th Shawwal 593 AH and was buried at Jalba-Baghdad.


    2. Sayed Shaikh Sharfuddin Asa. He died on 12th Ramzan 573 Ah (1178 AD) in Egypt and was buried there.

    3. Sayed Shaikh Abu Bakar Abdul Aziz was born in 532 AH. He dedicated himself to impart Islamic religious training to the Kurds of Jibal in Iraq. He died on 18th Rabiul Awwal 602 AH at Akra and was buried there on a hillock


    4. Shaikh Sayed Sirajuddin Abdul Jabbar. He was found mostly in company of Darvesh and mystics. He died young on 9th Zil Hajj 575 AH 1186 AD in Baghdad. He is buried in the compound of Roza Aqdas of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him).

    5. Sayed Hafiz Abdur Razzak Tajuddin. He was born in 530 AH and had graduated in all departments of religious knowledge. He specialized in Hadis. He died on 7th Shawwal 603 AH 120 AD


    6. Sayed Abu Ishaq Ibrahim He died there in 592 AH 1192 AD.

    7. Sayed Shaikh Abul Fazl Muhammed. He had specialized in Hadis and he died in 600 AH 1204 AD at Baghdad.

    8. Sayed Shaikh Abdullah. He was also a scholar of Hadis and died at Baghdad in 589 AH 1193 AD.

    9. Sayed Shaikh Yahya. He was born on 550 AH. . He died in 600 AH 1204 AD and was buried in the compound of the Rabat (inn) founded by Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him).


    10. Sayed Shaikh Musa. He was born in 535 AH and received his education in Baghdad. Later he migrated to Damuscus and died in 618 AH 1221 AD.

    11. Sayed Shaikh Abdr Rehman. He died in 587 AH 1191 AD.

    12. Shaikh Sayed Abu Nasser Musa.



    LEAVING THE WORLD


    By the time Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was 91 years old, his health deteriorated. Many saints and his sons gathered around him when he was more serious. Even at that time Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) was thinking of Allah. His eldest son Abdul Wahab asked him to favour them with his wasiyat (will). Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) said that one must obey Allah and acquire abstinence for the sake of Allah. One must ask for the fulfillment of ones hopes only from Allah and have full confidence in Him. Then Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) made fresh ablution and offered Isha prayers. He went in Sajdah and prayed in prostration for the welfare and forgiveness of the ummat of Allahs Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Later he lay down on his bed and prayed the Kalimah. His son Sayed Musa who was also at his bedside relates that his father kept on repeating Allah loudly. Gradually, his voice lowered and he breathed his last in the 8th night of Rabius-Sani 561 AH, 11th February 116. AD. There is some controversy regarding the actual date. According to Allama Ibn-e-Jauzi a contemporary scholar of the era of Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allahs mercy be on him) and Qalaidul Jawalus it is 8th Rabbius Sani and according to some it is 9-11 Rabbius Sani.

    Thousands of people came to pay homage and offer Fatiha. His son Sayed Abdul Wahab led the burial prayer. Late in the night he was buried in his Jamia. The death anniversary is observed on 11th of Rabius Sani each year and is called Gyarvee Sharif. His son Abdul Wahab observed it regularly as Urs. Many Mashaikhs and saints and scholars have regularly observed Gyarvee Sharif. The tradition of feeding the poor by Hazrat Abdul Qadir Jilani (Allah's mercy be on him) is observed in this day.


    .
    Last edited by shaikh_samee; 18-02-2013 at 10:03 AM.

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    Default Re: The blessed life of gaus ul aazam radiyallahu

    Jazak ALLAH Khair

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